بحث عن مواضيع متعلقة هناك 5000 موضوع

الخميس، 26 مارس 2020

ﺷﺮﺡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ الطبية ..

ﺷﺮﺡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ الطبية ..
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1-ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ﺳﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍ ‏( Complete Blood Count ) (C.B.C ‏)
ﻭﺗﺮﺟﻤﺘﻪ ﺗﻌﻨﻲ ‏( ﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ ‏) .. ﻳﻌﻄﻴﻨﺎ ﺻﻮﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﻟﻠﺪﻡ ﻭﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺗﻪ ...
ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺗﺸﻤﻞ :
R.B.C ﺃﻭ Erythrocytes ﻭﺗﻌﻨﻲ ﻛﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺮﺍﺀ
W.B.C ﺃﻭ Leukocytes ﻭﺗﻌﻨﻲ ﻛﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ
Platelets ﻭﺗﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺋﺢ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﻮﻳﻪ
Hgb ﺃﻭ Hb ﻭﺗﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻤﻮﺟﻠﻮﺑﻴﻦ
ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ .. ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﻷﺑﺮﺯ ..
ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻧﺴﺘﻔﻴﺪ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺩﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻳﺾ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ .. ﻧﺰﻳﻒ .. ﻋﺪﻭﻯ ﺍﻭ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻼ
ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻧﺨﻔﺎﺿﻪ ..
ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻛﺘﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﻣﺒﺪﺃﻱ ﻟﻠﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻪ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺗﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻋﺸﺎﻥ ﻳﺸﺨﺺ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ .
2- E.S.R (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate ‏)
ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺗﺮﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺮﺍﺀ .. ﺍﻭ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺗﺮﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ..
ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮﻳﻪ .. ﻭﺍﻻﻟﺖﻫﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻞ ﻭﺍﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻪ
ﻭﺗﻘﻞ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻻﻧﻴﻤﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺠﻠﻴﻪ ..
ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻻﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎ .. ﻭﺑﺈﻻﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻟﻮ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺑﺪﻭﻧﻪ ..
3- BT (Bleeding Time)APTT ﻭ PT
ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﺗﻘﻴﺲ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺗﺠﻠﻂ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ .. ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺗﻔﻴﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺳﻴﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ..
ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻟﻮ ﺯﺍﺩ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻠﻂ .. ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺭﺍﺡ ﻳﺎﺧﺬ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﻋﺸﺎﻥ ﻳﺘﺠﻠﻂ .. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﻮﻳﺲ ..
ﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﻮ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﻪ .. ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺕﻩ ﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻳﺾ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻳﺼﺎﺏ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻒ ..
ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺷﻲ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺮﺿﻴﻦ ﻟﻠﺠﻠﻄﺎﺕ .. ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺽﻯ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺳﺒﻖ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﺠﻠﻄﺎﺕ
ﺣﺘﻰ ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺳﻨﺎ ..
4-‏( G6PD) (Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase ‏)
ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻧﺰﻳﻢ .. ﻭﻗﻠﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻳﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻧﻴﻤﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﻝ ..
ﺍﻟﻠﻲ ﺗﺼﻴﺐ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﻔﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺼﻔﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ ..
5- ﺍﻻﻥ ﺳﻮﻑ ﺍﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﻪ .. ﻃﺒﻊﺍ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻬﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ..
Glucose- ﺟﻠﻮﻛﻮﺯ / ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻜﺮ
Creatinine- ﻛﺮﻳﺎﺗﻨﻴﻦ / ﻳﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺣﺪﻭﺙ ﺧﻠﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ
- Uric Acid ﺣﻤﺾ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﺭﻳﻚ / ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻳﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮﺱ ..
- Plasma Uria ﻳﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺗﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻦ ﺗﻜﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺗﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﺠﺴﻢ
ﻳﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻰ ﻭﻏﻴﺒﻮﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮ ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ
- ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﺮﻭﻝ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻧﻮﻋﺎﻥ Cholesterol :
1 / ‏( HDL ‏) ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‏( ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﺮﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺪ ‏)
2 / ‏( LDL ‏) ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ ‏( ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﻴﺴﺘﺮﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﺊ ‏)
TG (Triglycerides) ﺍﻟﺪﻫﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮﻱ ..
:Proteins ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺗﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ :
Albumin* ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﻣﻴﻦ
Globulin* ﺟﻠﻮﺑﻴﻮﻟﻴﻦ
Bilirubin ﺑﻠﻴﺮﻭﺑﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻦ ﺗﻜﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻤﻮﺟﻠﻮﺑﻴﻦ ﻭﻛﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺮﺍﺀ
ﻳﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺰﻳﻒ .. ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ ﻭﻛﻔﺎﺀﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﻴﻪ ..
ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻥ :
Iron : ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻗﻠﺘﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺆﺩﻱ ﻟﻔﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ
TIBC : ﺳﻌﺔ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﻪ ﻟﻮ ﺯﺍﺩﺕ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻴﻤﻴﺎ ﻧﻘﺺ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﺪ
Ferritin : ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺰﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﻭﻳﻨﻘﺺ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﻓﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ
Calcium ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﻮﻡ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ ﺑﻨﻤﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﺎﻡ ..
Magnesium ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻨﺴﻴﻮﻡ / ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻳﻘﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﻬﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮﻱ ..
ﻭﻫﻮ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻱ ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺼﺎﺏ
Phosphorus ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺳﻔﻮﺭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﻌﻈﺎﻡ .. ﻭﻳﻘﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﻬﺎﻝ .. ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﻋﻼﺝ ﺍﻟﻜﺴﻮﺭ .
Sodium ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺩﻳﻮﻡ / ﺍﻣﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺩﻳﻮﻡ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻳﻪ ﻟﻠﺪﻡ ..
ﻭﻳﻘﻞ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﻬﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺊ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺮﻭﻕ ..
Potassium ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺗﺎﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﻱ ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺼﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ..
ﻭﻳﻘﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﻬﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺊ ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﺪﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻝ ..
Chloride ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﺭﺍﻳﺪ ﺗﻘﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﻬﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺊ ..
PH ﺍﻻﺱ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺪﺭﻭﺟﻴﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﺪﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﻪ
7.4 ﻭﻟﻮ ﻗﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻥ ﺣﻤﻮﺿﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻱ
6- ﺍﻹﻧﺰﻳﻤﺎﺕ Enzymes
AST ﺍﻭ GOT((Aspartate Transaminase
ﺍﻧﺰﻳﻢ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺒﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﻪ .. ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻜﺴﺮ ﺍﻭ ﺧﻠﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﻋﻀﺎﺀ
ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ ..
ALT ﺍﻭ GPT((Alanine Transaminase
ﺍﻧﺰﻳﻢ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻀﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺒﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﻪ .. ﻭﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻋﻪ ﺍﻳﻀﺎ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﻋﻀﺎﺀ ..
LDH ) (Lactate Dehydrogenase ‏)
ﺍﻧﺰﻳﻢ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻜﺜﺮﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ , ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ , ﺍﻟﻚﻟﻴﻪ , ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﻍ , ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﻋﻀﺎﺀ
ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻻﻧﺰﻳﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ .. ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻱ ..
CK) Creatine Kinase ‏)
ﺍﻧﺰﻳﻢ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﻍ ﻓﻘﻂ .. ﻭﻟﻮ ﺣﺼﻠﺖ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﻟﻬﺬﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﻦ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﺍﻻﻧﺰﻳﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻡ
Lipase : ﺍﻧﺰﻳﻢ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻨﻜﺮﻳﺎﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻜﺮﻳﺎﺱ ﺗﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻋﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ..
7- ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ : Hormones
ﺃﻭﻻ :: ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻗﻴﻪ :
Thyroxine ﺍﻭ T4
Triiodothyronine ﺍﻭ T3
Free Thyroxine ﺍﻭ Free T4
ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻟﻮ ﺯﺍﺩﺕ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺗﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻗﻴﻪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻁ ﺯﺍﺋﺪ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻗﻴﻪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺧﻤﻮﻝ
TSH ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻻﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻗﻴﻪ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻟﻮ ﺯﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻥ الﻐﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻗﻴﻪ ﺧﺎﻣﻠﻪ ,, ﻭﻟﻮ ﻗﻞ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻗﻴﻪ ﻧﺸﻴﻄﻪ
Calcitonin ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﻳﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﺒﻜﺮﺍ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺪﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺋﻪ
ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ :: ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭ - ﺩﺭﻗﻴﻪ : Parathyroid Hormone ﺍﻭ PTH
ﺗﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﻧﺸﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻗﻴﻪ .. ﻭﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺯﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﻧﻘﺺ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ..
ﻭﻳﻨﻘﺺ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺯﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﻮﻡ ﻭﻧﻘﺺ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻏﻨﺴﻴﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ..
ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ :: ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭ - ﻛﻠﻮﻳﻪ :
Catecholamines : ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺯﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ ..
‏( Vanillylmandelic Acid ) ( VM A ‏) ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻔﺎﺀﺓ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻈﺮﻳﻪ .. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﻳﻘﺎﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻝ ..
Cortisol : ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺭﺗﻴﺰﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻮﺭ .. ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻨﻪ
ﺭﺍﺑﻌﺎ :: ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻴﻪ : Testosterone ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻮﺭﻩ .
‏( Oestradiol ) (E2 ‏) : ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺗﺄﺧﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻮﻍ .. ﻭﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻮﺑﻪ ..
Progestrone : ﻳﻔﺮﺯ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﺾ .. ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﺾ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻢ
‏( Luteinizing Hormone) ( LH ‏) / ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﻳﺤﺮﺽ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺟﺴﺘﺮﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﻭﺟﻴﻦ ..
‏( Follicle Stimulating Hormone ) ( FSH ) / ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﻟﻨﻤﻮ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻳﺔ .. ﻭﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﺾ
‏( Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin ) (BHCG ‏) >>> ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻞ
ﺧﺎﻣﺴﺎ :: ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺨﺎﻣﻴﻪ : ‏( Growth Hormone ) (GH ‏) ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮ
Prolactin (PRL ‏) ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻴﺐ
‏( Antidiuretic Hormone ) ( ADH ‏) ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻣﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻝ ..
ﺳﺎﺩﺳﺎ :: ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻜﺮﻳﺎﺱ ﻭﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻓﻪ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻭﻛﻞ ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ :
Insulin : ﺍﻻﻧﺴﻮﻟﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺤﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﻮﻛﻮﺯ ﻭﻳﺨﺰﻥ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺟﻼﻳﻜﻮﺟﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ ..
Glucagon : ﺍﻟﺠﻠﻮﻛﺎﺟﻮﻥ
ﻳﻔﻜﻚ ﺍﻟﺠﻼﻳﻜﻮﺟﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺠﻠﻮﻛﻮﺯ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ
ﺳﺎﺑﻌﺎ :: ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﻪ : Renin
ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻣﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺩﻳﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺩﻳﻮﻡ ﻭﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻠﺢ ﺭﺍﺡ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﺿﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ
Erythropoietin : ﻳﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻊ ﻛﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺮﺍﺀ ..
ﻧﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺭﺍﺡ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻟﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻴﻤﻴﺎ ﻭﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻱ ..
****ﻭﻓﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺮﺓ ﺍﺿﻊ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ
ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ
ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻞ General Check up Profile
ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻭﺻﻴﻐﺔ Complete Blood Count
ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺜﻔﻞ E S R
ﺳﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﻖ Fasting Blood Sugar
ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﺴﺘﺮﻭﻝ Cholesterol
ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﻴﺔ Triglycerides
HDL HDL
LDL LDL
ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﻮﻳﺔ Urea
ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﺎﺗﻨﻴﻦ Creatinine
ﺣﻤﺾ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻝ Uric Acid
SGOT SGOT
SGPT SGPT
ﻓﺤﺺ ﺑﻮﻝ ﻭﺭﺍﺳﺐ Urine
ﻓﺤﺺ ﺑﺮﺍﺯ Stool
ﺗﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮﻱ Diabetes Profile
ﺳﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﻖ Fasting Blood Sugar
ﺳﻜﺮﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﺒﺔ Glucose Post Prandia
ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮ Glucose Tolerance Test
ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻐﻠﻮﻛﻮﺯﻱ HBA1c
ﺗﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻮﻡ Lipid Profile
ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﺴﺘﺮﻭﻝ Cholesterol
ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﻴﺔ Triglyceride
HDL HDL
LDL LDL
ﻭﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ Kidney Function Profile
ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﺔ Urea
ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﺎﺗﻨﻴﻦ Creatinine
ﺣﻤﺾ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻝ Uric Acid
ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺩﻳﻮﻡ Sodium
ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺗﺎﺳﻴﻮﻡ Potassium
ﻭﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ Liver Function Profile
ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻠﻴﺮﻭﺑﻴﻦ ‏( ﺍﻟﻚﻟﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺷﺮ ‏) Bilirubin
SGOT-SGPT-GGT SGOT-SGPT-GGT
ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺳﻔﺎﺗﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﻳﺔ Alkaline Phosphatase
ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺗﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ Total Protein
ﺍﻷﻟﺒﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ - ﻧﺴﺒﺔ A/G Albumin-A/G
ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺛﺮﻭﻣﺒﻴﻦ Prothrombin Time
ﺧﻤﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ Cardiac Profile
ﺗﺮﻭﺑﻮﻧﻴﻦ I Troponin I
CK ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻝ MB CK(MB-Total)
SGOT SGOT
LDH LDH
ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻮﻏﻠﻮﺑﻴﻦ Myoglobin
ﻫﺸﺎﺷﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻢ Osteoporosis
ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺸﺮﺩ Calcium(Total-Ionized ‏)
ﻛﺎﻟﺴﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻝ Urinary Calcium
ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺳﻔﺎﺗﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﻳﺔ Alkaline Phosphatase
ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻕ Para Thyroid Hormone
ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺻﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ Rheumatology-Au
toimmune Diseases
ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺜﻔﻞ ESR
ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺗﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ C CRP
ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺛﻮﺍﻧﻲ RF
ﺣﻤﺾ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻝ UricAcid
ﺃﺿﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻯ ANA
ﺃﺿﺪﺍﺩ DNA Anti DNA
ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﻤﺔ ‏( C3-C4) Complement(C3-C4 ‏)
ﺗﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﻓﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ Anemia Screen
ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻋﺎﻡ CBC
ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺎﺕ Reticulocytic Count
ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﻓﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ Anemia Investigations
ﻓﻘﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﻍ : ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺎﺕ Normocytic Anemia:Reticulocyte
ﻓﻘﺮ ﺩﻡ ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻢ Macrocytic Anemia:
-1 ﻓﻘﺮﺩﻡ ﻋﺮﻃﻞ : ﻋﻴﺎﺭ ﻓﻴﺘﺎﻣﻴﻦ B12 ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻮﻻﺕ Megaloblastic(VB12-Folate)
-2 ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ : ﻭﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ Others:LiverFunction
* ﻓﻘﺮ ﺩﻡ ﻧﺎﻗﺺ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﻍ : ﻋﻴﺎﺭ ﺣﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻞ - ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ - ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺮﻳﺘﻲﻥ - Microcytic Anemia: Serum Iron TIBC-Ferritin
* ﻓﻘﺮ ﺩﻡ ﺍﻧﺤﻼﻟﻲ Hemolytic Profile
ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻠﻴﺮﻭﺑﻴﻦ Bilirubin
ﺭﺣﻼﻥ ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ Hemoglobin Electrophoresis
ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻛﻮﻣﺒﺲ Coomb,s Test
ﻋﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻤﻴﺮﺓ G6PD G6PD
ﻋﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻤﻴﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺮﻭﻓﺎﺕ ﻛﻴﻨﺎﺯ Pyruvate Kinase
ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﺸﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﻮﻳﺔ Osmotic Fragility
ﺍﺑﻴﻀﺎﺽ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ Leukemia Profile
ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻭﺻﻴﻐﺔ - ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﺩﻡ CBC- Blood Film
ﺑﺰﻝ ﻧﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻢ Bone Marrow Aspiration
ﺻﺒﻐﻲ ﻓﻴﻼﺩﻟﻔﻴﺎ Philadelphia Chromosome
ﺗﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺨﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ Hemostatic Screen
ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺰﻑ Bleeding Time
ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺜﺮ Clotting Time
ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺛﺮﻭﻣﺒﻴﻦ Prothrombin Time(PT ‏)
ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﺮﻭﻣﺒﻮﺑﻼﺳﺘﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺋﻲ Partial Thromboplastin Time(PTT ‏)
ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺷﻜﻠﻬﺎ Platelet Count &Morphology
ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﺸﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﺎﺋﻴﺔ Capillary Fragility Test
ﻋﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﻟﺪﺍﻟﻠﻴﻔﻴﻦ Fibrinogen
ﺍﻟﻬﺮﻣﻮﻧﺎﺕ Hormones
* ﺍﻟﻐﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻗﻴﺔ
T3 ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ - T4 ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ
T3 ﺍﻟﺤﺮ - T4 ﺍﻟﺤﺮ
TSH *Thyroid
T3&T4
FT3&FT4
TSH
* ﺟﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻕ Parathyroid
ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻕ * PTH
ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻟﺴﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺸﺮﺩ Ionized Calcium
ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ Infertility(male ‏)
ﻓﺤﺺ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻱ Semen
FSH- LH - ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﻻﻛﺘﻴﻦ FSH-LH-Prolactine
ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺘﻮﺳﺘﻴﺮﻭﻥ - E2 Testosterone-E2
ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ Infertility (Female)
FSH-LH - ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﻻﻙﺗﻴﻦ FSH-LH-Prolactine
ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺟﺴﺘﻴﺮﻭﻥ - E2 Progesterone-E2
ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺘﻮﺳﺘﻴﺮﻭﻥ Testosterone
ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ ‏( ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﺋﺪ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻹﻧﺎﺙ ‏) Hirsutism
FSH- LH - ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺘﻮﺳﺘﻴﺮﻭﻥ FSH-LH-Testosterone
-17 ﻫﻴﺪﺭﻭﻛﺴﻲ ﺑﺮﻭﺟﺴﺘﻴﺮﻭﻥ -17 OH Progesterone
ﻗﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻣﺔ - ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻘﺔ - ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺎﺕ Short Stature&Acromegaly
ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮ Growth Hormone
ﻫﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺾ Growth Stimulation by Clonidine&Insulin IGF-1,IGF-BP
ﺗﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺮﻭﺳﺎﺕ Virology
ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ Rubella: IgM&IgG
ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺨﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﻼﻳﺎ CMV: IgM&IgG
ﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻸ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻂ HSV(1)-HSV(2):IgM&IgG
ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ
A
B
C Hepatitis
A:Total&IgM
B:HbsAg-HBsAb-HbeAg-HBeAb
C: IgM&IgG
ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻴﻠﻴﺎﺕ Parasitology
ﻓﺤﺺ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺍﺯ Stool Examination
ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻮﺳﺎﺕ Toxoplasmose:IgM
IgG
ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﺮﺍﺛﻴﻢ Microbiology
ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺷﺮ Direct Examination
ﺍﻟﺰﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺠﺮﺛﻮﻣﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺴﺲ Culture&Sensitivity
ﺍﻟﺴﻞ : ﺗﺤﺮﻱ ﻋﺼﻴﺔ ﻛﻮﺥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺸﻊ Tuberculosis:Acid-Fast Bacilli
ﺍﻟﺰﺭﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻟﻮﻓﻨﺸﺘﺎﻳﻦ ﺟﻮﻧﺴﻮﻥ Tuberculosis Culture
ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻴﻔﻴﺔ ‏( ﺍﻟﺘﻴﻔﻮﺉﻳﺪ ‏) Typhoid
ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻓﻴﺪﺍﻝ - ﺯﺭﻉ ﺑﺮﺍﺯ - ﺯﺭﻉ ﺩﻡ : Widal Test-Stool&Bloo
d Culture
ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻄﻴﺔ Brucella
ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺭﺍﻳﺖ - ﺯﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ : Right Test - Blood Culture
ﺍﻹﺳﻬﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻣﻦ Chronic Diarrhea
ﺯﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺴﺲ Stool and Urine Examination
ﺩﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺍﺯ Stool Fat
ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻜﺴﻴﻠﻮﺯ D-Xylose
ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ Fever of unknown origin
ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻭﺻﻴﻐﺔ - ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺗﺜﻔﻞ - CRP ,,,, CBC- ESR- CRP
ﻓﺤﺺ ﻭﺯﺭﻉ ﺑﻮﻝ - ﻓﺤﺺ ﻭﺯﺭﻉ ﺑﺮﺍﺯ Stool and Urine Examination
ﺯﺭﻉ ﺩﻡ - ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻓﻴﺪﺍﻝ - ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺭﺍﻳﺖ Culture- Blood Culture- Widal
ﺃﺿﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻯ Test- Right Test- ANA
ﺍﻹﺟﻬﺎﺽ

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